Animal, mon prochain (Sciences) (French Edition) by Florence Burgat

By Florence Burgat

Florence Burgat, philosophe, travaille actuellement au Laboratoire d'anthropologie sociale du Collège de France. Les hommes entretiennent des kin contradictoires avec les animaux. D'un côté, ils les exploitent, les manipulent et les massacrent. D'un autre, ils se laissent volontiers parasiter, polluer, voire dominer par leurs animaux domestiques. Ils n'ont pas trouvé l. a. bonne distance. Dans cet essai philosophique, Florence Burgat examine remark, depuis l'Âge classique, l'homme a voulu se définir contre l'animal, remark il a recherché sa différence spécifique dans l. a. non-animalité. S'arrogeant les facultés nobles - l. a. sense of right and wrong, los angeles pensée, le goût esthétique, le sentiment ethical - il en a privé l'animal. Il pouvait ainsi disposer à sa guise de cet être dépourvu de dignité. En contrepartie, l'homme a dû refouler sa propre animalité; notamment sa sexualité, ce qui a fait l. a. fortune des psychanalystes. Florence Burgat ne se contente pas de ce constat négatif. Elle ouvre des views. Elle poursuit l. a. voie tracée par Jean-Jacques Rousseau suivant laquelle l'homme, comme l'animal, est un être good, donc qui souffre. Et elle esquisse une nouvelle morale sur cette base.

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